Uluğ, Ö. M., & Acar, Y. (2015). We are more than alliances between groups': A social psychological perspective on the Gezi Park protesters and negotiating levels of identity. In Everywhere Taksim: sowing the seeds for a new Turkey at Gezi. Amsterdam University Press.
Çarşı (Istanbul): A fan group of Beşiktaş supporters, Çarşı is a group
highly involved with social issues. Participants made a point of stating
that Çarşı has a conscience; in their own words, ‘where there is injustice,
Çarşı is there, too.’ Çarşı members were active both in Gezi Park and
in their own district of Beşiktaş, where there were particularly harsh
clashes between protesters and police. One reason they cited for their
participation was the proximity of the protests to what they considered
their ‘home turf.’ With police encroachment in Beşiktaş, Çarşı members
felt an obligation to ‘protect’ their neighbourhood. According to Çarşı
members, the AKP has taken hold of all institutions (even the football
league) and blocked all other existing ways of seeking democracy.
Participants indicated that they attended the protests with their Çarşı
identity, with their personal identity and with their leftist identity
(though not all members of Çarşı are leftists). They also mentioned that
these identities intertwined during the protests. They felt close to other
fan groups such as Tek Yumruk (Galatasaray), Karakızıl (Gençlerbirliği),
Halkın Takımı, Beleştepe, Fenerbahçe Sol Açık, Vamos Bien and Öteki 1907.
They also felt close to Taksim Solidarity and the TKP. They said they did
not feel close to TGB, the CHP and the Kurdish movement. Ultimately,
all participants from Çarşı emphasised that being a part of the protests
was a privilege, irrespective of identity and ideology (p. 127- 128)